Aditya Hridayam - The Heart of Aditya, the Sun God

tatō yuddha pariśrāntaṃ samarē chintayā sthitam
rāvaṇaṃ cāgratō dṛṣṭvā yuddhāya samupasthitam

daivataiśca samāgamya dṛṣṭumabhyāga tōraṇam
upā gamyā bravīdrāmam agastyō bhagavān ṛṣiḥ

rāma rāma mahābāhō śṛṇu guhyaṃ sanātanam
yēna sarvānarīn vatsa samarē vijayiṣyasi

ādityahṛdayaṃ puṇyaṃ sarva śatru vināśanam
jayāvahaṃ japēnnityam akṣayyaṃ paramaṃ śivam

sarva maṅgala māṅgalyaṃ sarva pāpa praṇāśanam
cintā śōka praśamanam āyur vardhana muttamam

raśmi maṃtaṃ samudyantaṃ dēvāsura namaskṛtam
pūja yasva vivasvantaṃ bhāskaraṃ bhuvanēśvaram

sarva dēvātmakō hyēṣa tējasvī raśmi bhāvanaḥ
ēṣa dēvā suragaṇām̐ lōkān pāti gabhastibhiḥ

ēṣa brahmā ca viṣṇuś ca śivaḥ skandaḥ prajāpatiḥ
mahēndrō dhanadaḥ kālō yamaḥ sōmō hyapāṃ patiḥ

pitarō vasavaḥ sādhyā hyaśvinau marutō manuḥ
vāyur vahinaḥ prajāprāṇa ṛtukartā prabhākaraḥ

ādityaḥ savitā sūryaḥ khagaḥ pūṣā gabhastimān
suvarṇa sadṛśō bhānur hiraṇya rētā divākaraḥ

haridaśvaḥ sahasrārciḥ sapta saptir marīcimān
timirōn mathanaḥ śambhustva aṣṭā mārtāṇḍa aṃśumān

hiraṇya garbhaḥ śiśiras tapanō bhāskarō raviḥ
agnigarbhō aditēḥ putraḥ śaṅkhaḥ śiśirra nāśanaḥ

vyōma nātha stamō bhēdī ṛgyajuḥ sāmapāragaḥ
ghana vṛṣṭi rapāṃ mitrō vindhya vīthī plavaṅgamaḥ

ātapī maṇḍalī mṛtyuḥ piṅgalaḥ sarvatā panaḥ
kavir viśvō mahā tējāḥ raktaḥ sarva bhavōd bhavaḥ

nakṣatra graha tārāṇām adhipō viśva bhāvanaḥ
tējas āmapi tējasvī dvāda śātman namōstutē

namaḥ pūrvāya girayē paścimā yādrayē namaḥ
jyōtir gaṇānāṃ patayē dinādhi patayē namaḥ

jayāya jaya bhadrāya harya śvāya namō namaḥ
namō namaḥ saha srāṃśō ādityāya namō namaḥ

nama ugrāya vīrāya sāraṅgāya namō namaḥ
namaḥ padma prabōdhāya mārtāṇḍāya namō namaḥ

brahmē śānā-acyutē śāya sūryā yāditya varcasē
bhāsvatē sarva bhakṣāya raudrāya vapuṣē namaḥ

tamō ghnāya himaghnāya śatrughnāya āmitātmanē
kṛtaghna ghnāya dēvāya jyōtiṣāṃ patayē namaḥ

tapta cāmī karābhāya vahnayē viśva karmaṇē
namastamō abhi nighnāya rucayē lōka sākṣiṇē

nāśa yat yēṣa vai bhūtaṃ tadēva sṛjati prabhuḥ
pāyat yēṣa tapat yēṣa varṣat yēṣa gabha stibhiḥ

ēṣa suptēṣu jāgarti bhūtēṣu pari niṣṭhitaḥ
ēṣa ēvāgnihōtraṃ ca phalaṃ caivāgni hōtriṇām

vēdāśca kratavaś caiva kratūnāṃ phala mēva ca
yāni kṛtyāni lōkēṣu sarva ēṣa raviḥ prabhuḥ

ēna māpatsu kṛcchrēṣu kāntārēṣu bhayēṣu ca
kīrtayan puruṣaḥ kaścinnā vasīdati rāghava

pūjayasvaina mēkāgrō dēva dēvaṃ jagatpatim
ētat triguṇitaṃ japtvā yuddhēṣu vijayiṣ yasi

asmin kṣaṇē mahābāhō rāvaṇaṃ tvaṃ vadhiṣyasi
ēvamuktvā tadāgastyō jagāma ca yathāgatam

ētacchṛutvā mahātējā naṣṭa śōkō abhavattadā
dhāra yāmāsa suprītō rāghavaḥ prayatāt mavān

ādityaṃ prēkṣya japtvā tu paraṃ harṣa mavāpt avān
trirācamya śucirbhūtvā dhanurādāya vīryavān

rāvaṇaṃ prēkṣya hṛṣṭātmā yuddhāya samupāgamat
sarvayatnēna mahatā vadhē tasya dhṛtō abhavat

atha ravi rava dan nirīkṣya rāmaṃ muditamanāḥ
paramaṃ prahṛṣya māṇaḥ niśicarapati saṃkṣayaṃ
viditvā suragaṇa madhyagatō vacastva rēti

bhanō bhāskara marthānda, chanda raśmai, divākara,
āyur ārōgyam aiṣwaryam vidhyam dēhi namōstutē
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ādiya hṛdayam  with English meaning

1. Tato yuddhapariśrānta samare chintayā sthitam
 rāva
a jāgrato dṛṣṭvā yuddhāya samupasthitam

(When Rama was exhausted in battle field standing with greater sorrow and deep thought to fight against Ravana who was duly prepared for the battle, Agastya observed that).  

2. Daivataiśca samāgamya draṣṭumabhyāgato raam

upāgamyābravīdrāmamagastyo bhagavān ṛṣi

  (Agastya who was with other Gods approaches Rama and says as follows)

3. Rāma rāma mahābāho śṛṇu guhya sanātanam

yena sarvānarīn vatsa samare vijayiyasi

(Sage Agastya approached Rama and spoke as follows: dear Rama there is a solution for your worry which is a perennial secret, by reciting it you would be victorious in this war). 

4. Adityahdaya puya sarvaśatruvināśanam

jayāvaha japennityam akayya parama śivam

(This is the holy hymn Aditya Hrudayam which destroys all enemies and brings you victory and permanent happiness by chanting it always).

5. Sarvamagalamāgalya sarvapāpapraāśanam

cintāśokapraśamanam āyurvardhanamuttamam

(This supreme prayer of Sun God always gives happiness, destroys all sins, worries and increase the longevity of life).

6. Raśmimata samudyanta devāsuranamasktam

pūjayasva vivasvanta bhāskara bhuvaneśvaram

(Worship the Sun God, the ruler of the worlds and lord of the universe, who is worshipped by devas and asuras and who is worshipped by every one of the universe).

7. Sarvadevātmako hyea tejasvī raśmibhāvana

ea devāsuragaām̐llokān pāti gabhastibhi

(He has within him all the devas and He is the brightest among the bright, He is self-luminous and sustains all worlds of Devas and Asuras with his rays). 

8. Ea brahmā ca viṣṇuśca śiva skanda prajāpati

mahendro dhanada kālo yama somo hyapā pati

(He is pervading in all viz., Brahma (the creator), Visnu (the Sustainer), Shiva (the destroyer), Skanda (the son of Siva), Prajapati (progenitor of human race), the mighty Indra (lord of senses), Kubera (the God of prosperity), Kala (eternal time), Yama (the Lord of death), Soma (the moon god that nourishes), and Varuna (God of rain).

9. Pitaro vasava sādhyā hyaśvinau maruto manu

vāyurvahni prajāprāa tukartā prabhākara

(He is the manes (ancestors); He is the eight Vasus viz., Anala, Anila, Soma, Ahas, Dhara, Dhruva, Pratyoosha and Prabhasa. He is the God Sadhya, Ashwini devatas (Gods of health). He is the maruths who are responsible for breeze, He is the wind God, He is the fire God, and he is the Manu, Vayu (the wind God), Agni (the fire God), Prana (the Life breath of all beings), the maker of six seasons and the giver of light).

{Aditya Hridayam Stotram starts from here}

10. āditya savitā sūrya khagaā gabhastimān

suvarasadśo bhānurhirayaretā divākara

(He is the son of Adithi, Savitha (bright), Soorya (supreme light), Khaga (bird, travels on the sky,), feeds the world by rain, gabhastiman (possessed of rays) Golden colored (beautiful, wise), always shining, he is the creator, day starts with him).

Aditya=son of Aditi, one who attract all towards Him

Savitha=one who rule the world, controller of the world

Soorya=one who encourages all, active

Khaga=one who moves in space (bird)

Poosha=one who protects all worlds

Gabhastiman=one who has bright rays

Suvarnasadrisha=golden colored

Bhanu=pervaded in all

Swarnareta=radiant round shaped like golden egg

Diwakara=one who is reason for bright day

 

11. Haridaśva sahasrārci saptasaptirmarīcimān

timironmathana śambhustvaṣṭā mārtāṇḍa aśumān

(He has green horses (green is a symbol of victory). He has thousands of rays (infinite), he is dispeller of darkness. He has seven horses (symbol of seven lokas). He removes sufferings and gives a pleasant life. He pervades all with immeasurable amount of rays).

Haridashwa=one whose chariot is dragged by green horses

Sahasrarchi=one who has thousands of rays (infinite)

Saptasapti=one whose horses are seven (represents seven Lokas)

Marichiman=whose body radiates rays

Timironmatana=dispeller of darkness

Shambhu=one who gives contentment

Twastha=one who removes sorrow and gives elation

Martanda=one who comes from annihilated creation and again creates

Amshuman=vastness, pervaded in all

12. Hirayagarbha śiśirastapano bhāskaro ravi

agnigarbho'dite putra śakha śiśiranāśana

(He is golden source (knowledge, prosperity). He who cools down world from his rain (minds of devotees). He who bestows heat. He is the illuminator (source of light). He who is praised by everyone. He who has fire within himself. He who is the son of Adhithi and Kashyapa. He who merges at night and become cool, destroyer of the cold, snow and fog).

Hiranyagarbha=one who has powers of Brahman, prosperity and who is wise (Jnani)

Sishira=one who makes cold by rain produced by him

Tapana=one who generates heat

Bhaskara=one who gives light (Jnana)

Ravi=one who is praised by everyone

Agnigharbha=one who has

Aditeputra=son of Aditi and Kashyapa Maharshi

Shankha=one who become cool when he sets 

Shisiranashana=one who melts snow, fog and cold

13. Vyomanāthastamobhedī gyajusāmapāraga

ghanavṛṣṭirapā mitro vindhyavīthīplavagama

(He is the lord of the space and ruler of the sky, dispeller of darkness, master of the three Vedas viz., Rig, Yajur and Sama vedas, he is the reason for heavy rain, and friend of the water God (Varuna), He swiftly courses in the direction South of Vindhya-mountains and sports in the Brahma Nadi (in daxinayana he travels swiftly like monkey).

Yomanatha=one who is the lord of space and the ruler of sky

Tamobedhi=dispeller of darkness

RigYajuSamaparagha=one who mastered Three Vedas viz., Rig, Yajur and Samaveda

Ghanavrusthi=one who is the reason for heavy rain

Apam-mitra=one who is friend of Rain God

Vindhyavithiplavangamaha=one who swiftly courses in the direction South of Vindhya-mountains like monkey

14. Atapī maṇḍalī mtyu pigala sarvatāpana

kavirviśvo mahātejā rakta sarvabhavodbhava

(He is a producer of heat, his form is circular, he is the death of foes, he is yellow colored, he gives heat to all things, he is greater brilliance, shining with great radience and expert in knowledge, pervades in whole universe, is dear to everyone, sustaining the universe and all actions).

Atapi=one who is the creator for heat

Mandali=round shaped

Mrithyu=death for enemies

Pingala=yellow colored

Sarvatapana=one who makes heat to all things

Kavi=greater brilliance

Vishwa=pervaded in whole universe

Mahateja=Shining with great radiance

Raktha=one who is dear to everyone

Sarvabhavodbhava=creator of all things

15. Nakatragrahatārāāmadhipo viśvabhāvana

tejasāmapi tejasvī dvādaśātman namo'stu te

(Salutations to him who is the Lord of stars, planets and zodiac, and the origin of everything in the universe. Salutations to Aditya who appears in twelve forms viz., Indra, Dhata, Bhaga, Pooshana, Mitra, Aryama, Archi, Vivaswan, Twastru, Savitha, Varuna and Vishnu (in the shape of twelve months of the year). 

16. Nama pūrvāya giraye paścimāyādraye nama

jyotirgaānā pataye dinādhipataye nama

(Salutations to the Lord who rises from the mounts of east and sets on mounts of west, Salutations to the Lord of the stellar bodies and to the Lord of daylight).

17. Jayāya jayabhadrāya haryaśvāya namo nama

namo nama sahasrāśo ādityāya namo nama

(Pray him who has green horses and the bestower of victory, auspiciousness and prosperity. He has thousand rays and who has power to attract all towards him).

 Jaya=one who brings victory

Jayabhadra=one who gives auspiciousness and prosperity

Haryashwa=one who is carried by Green horses

Sahasramsha=one who has infinite rays

Aditya=son of Aditi, one who attracts all towards Him

18. Nama ugrāya vīrāya sāragāya namo nama

nama padmaprabodhāya mārtāṇḍāya namo nama

(Salutations to him who is terrible and fierce one to the sinners, to him who is the hero (controlled senses); one who travels fast, Salutations to the one whose appearance makes the lotus blossom. Salutations to the son of Mrukanda Maharshi). 

Ugra=terrible for enemies

Veera=brave (powerful)

Saranga=one who runs swiftly

Padmaprabodha=one whose appearance makes the lotus blossom

Martanda=after that annihilation of the creation one who is able to create it again 

19. Brahmeśānācyuteśāya sūryāyādityavarcase

bhāsvate sarvabhakāya raudrāya vapue nama

(Salutation to Him who is the inspiration to Trimurtis (Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesha) and inspiration to all creatures, salutation to who is fierce like Rudra at the end of the creation).

20. Tamoghnāya himaghnāya śatrughnāyāmitātmane

ktaghnaghnāya devāya jyotiā pataye nama

(Salutations to the dispeller of the darkness (ignorance) and cold (snow), who is fearful to bad people, Salutations also to the annihilator of the ungrateful and to the Lord of all the stellar bodies, who is the first amongst all the lights of the Universe).

Tamoghna=dispeller of the darkness (ignorance)

Himaghna=one who is the reason for melting snow

Shatrugna=one who punishes ungrateful people

Amitatmane=one who has enormous will power

Krithagna=annihilator of the ungrateful people

Jyotishampati=lord of the all stellar things

Deva=one whose form is illuminating

21. Taptacāmīkarābhāya vahnaye viśvakarmae

namastamo'bhinighnāya rucaye lokasākie

(Salutations to Him, Who is the color of molten gold and the form of fire, one who burns all, dispeller of darkness, adorable from all and Salutations to Vishvakarma the architect of the universe, the cause of all activity and creation in the world, yet beyond the world). 

Taptachamikarabha=whose color is like molten gold

Vahnaye=one who burns all

Vishwakarma=one who is the reason for all actions

Tamobhinighna=dispeller of darkness

Ravi=one who is adored by all

Lokasakshine=one who is witnessed to all

22. Nāśayatyea vai bhūta tadeva sjati prabhu

pāyatyea tapatyea varatyea gabhastibhi

(Salutation to the Sun God who is able to destroyer all with his rays and then create them again, he can be the producer of rain and also a showered of wisdom as well).

23. Ea supteu jāgarti bhūteu pariniṣṭhita

ea evāgnihotra ca phala caivāgnihotriām

(The lord Sun God is always awake and abides in the heart of all beings and awake them, he is only the sacrifice and fruit of the sacrifice performed by Yajna).

24. Vedāśca kratavaścaiva kratūnā phalameva ca

yāni ktyāni lokeu sarva ea ravi prabhu

(Behind the all Vedas, Yagas and fruits of all yagas and results of all actions of the world is Sun God only, he is the omnipresent).

 

- The Heart of Aditya (the Sun God) -
Sundara Khanda, Valmiki Ramayanam


Aditya = the Sun God; Hridayam = that which is especially nourishing and healing for the heart.


Sage Agasthya Muni gave this powerful Mantra to Sri Rama when Rama was perplexed, while fighting with Ravana. After chanting this Hymn three times Sri Rama defeated Ravana.


The Aditya Hridayam, is a hymn in glorification of the Sun or Surya and was recited by the great sage Agastya to Lord Rama on the battlefield before fighting with Ravana. This historic hymn starts at the beginning of the Battle with Ravana, when Lord Rama is fatigued and getting ready to fight. The mystical hymn is dircted to the Sun God, the illustrious lord of all victories.

Trying to do justice to verses from the epic Ramayana the first of all epics in the world written over 5000 years ago, is impossible by anybody today. And for that matter, Sage Valmiki himself says that the prayer part is older than the epic itself. That must be obviously true, for, Sanskrit language existed in its poetic, prosaic and pristine form much before the penning of the epic. I have just attempted to give the limited version of my understanding of the Slokas (verses). Mistakes, if any, are all mine, and any praise for the work goes to blessings of Lord Ganesha, Lord Rama, the Sun God, and of course Sage Valmiki.

The Adityta-Hridyam Hymn is part of the Yuddha Kanda of Valmiki Ramayana (the chapter of war) and contains 31 slokas.